Whistleblowing

Someone needs to speak up and I’ll keep speaking up until some of these serious issues of healthcare inequity are actually looked at and corrected

A recent blog posting entitled “The Journey of a Whistleblower: The Challenges, the Pains and the Price ” identifies some of the issues when one is faced with some ethical decisions.

While my son was a resident at a state operated intermediate care facility, I brought issues of concern to the administration and the medical director.  When no action was taken, I approached the Human Rights Committee of the facility.  They did not think that the issues of healthcare neglect and injury were a concern of theirs.  I then went to the advocacy group for the residents of the facility.  The president told me that their goal was only to keep the facility open – they had no say in assessing or measuring standards of care.

Obviously the healthcare and quality of life for the residents was not on the radar of any of these groups.

So, I keep trying to get people, organizations, legislators and agencies to see the serious concerns with medical and nursing care at some of these facilities.

If your loved one was dependent on the care provided in a healthcare facility, would it be important to know that all the prescribed medications and treatments were administered?  Or would it be okay for the nurses to only administer sometimes but document that all prescribed administrations were completed?

Would medication compliance rates of 11-46% be acceptable to you?  These rates are certainly not acceptable to me.

But it’s not just the low compliance rates I’m concerned about – it’s the years of falsified records across the board on a variety of medications by many nurses that is a huge concern.  Who is to know if the medications are really administered with so little oversight?

Who monitors medication administration – apparently no one and this is a major problem that needs immediate attention.

There is immediate jeopardy to all residents of the facility until the medication administration problems are examined and corrected. It is shameful on the part of our state agencies that these practices have been and still are accepted practice.

As a nurse myself, I know this practice is unethical and illegal to falsify these documents.  I question the level of integrity of the nurses working at this facility who routinely engage in this illegal activity.

This time has come to go outside the state organizations and inform others.  It is not just about keeping a facility open, it is about providing safe, quality care.  Care that is not happening at this time.

 

Healthcare at the Intermediate Care Facility

Who oversees the healthcare at the intermediate care facility for those with intellectual disabilities (ICF/ID)?  If you have a loved one who lives in an ICF/ID it may be worth looking into this to ensure that the healthcare actually does at least meet the minimum standard of care.

This was not the case in the ICF/ID that my son lived in.  I first started noticing problems the first year he lived there and I tried to work with the team and work within the system to improve the care, provide education and collaboration.  As system after system broke down and my son’s health grew worse I was making more and more trips to his home to provide the care and treatments that were supposed to have been provided by the nurses and team at the ICF/ID.

I knew the medications were not being applied but since the nurses were charting as given that was proof that the medications were being applied as prescribed. The fact that my son was not responding indicated that more potent medications were needed in addition to other medical treatments to control his inflammation.  These other treatments are not without risk and actually do increase his risk of cancer but we needed to get the inflammation under control and his immune system stabilized.

I was visiting at least 4 times a week and would apply his topical medications when I visited – knowing that he would at least be getting them when I was there.  They were actually supposed to be applied twice a day  and were charted as being applied twice a day but that is not what was happening.

After we moved our son to supported living and his care staff  applied the prescribed medications as ordered his inflammation quickly was controlled.  In about one month’s time the inflammation that had been extremely problematic for 3 1/2 years was now in total control.  His lab work was essentially normal after 3 1/2 years of having hematological problems. The medications actually did work – they were just not being administered as prescribed.

Now that I have the actual pharmacy and nursing records to review, I have found 9 medications that were falsely documented as being given for 1-3 years.  As a nurse I am totally appalled at the lack of quality and integrity that was accepted and not even questioned and do not understand how these dramatic errors can go unnoticed and uncorrected.

Below are charts of 5 of the medications showing the dates of administration, the amounts the pharmacy (at the ICF/ID) dispensed and the amounts that were charted as given. The compliance rates are unbelievable!  Who would accept these rates as meeting any type of standard of care? Why is this acceptable at the ICF/ID?

medication-1medication-2medication-3medication-4medication-5

It’s not just nursing that was the problem.  There was to be a 90-day medication review or reconciliation.  The purpose of this is to check each medication and ensure it is still needed and is indicated and the correct dose is prescribed.  Obviously the medication reviews were not done (but were signed off as being done)  since 3 of these medications were only needed for a short time (1 month or less) but remained in my son’s active  medication profile for up to 3 years dispensed and signed off as administered.   Who really knows what was given and what was just charted on as given.

How is one supposed to know if a medication is working or not when there is this type of record keeping?

There are so many problems that can be identified just with these medication errors.  This is at a state operated facility and so far the state investigation has stated that the allegations are unfounded based on the fact that the nurses charted the medications as given as ordered.

The state agency that oversees this facility is the Department of Social and Health Services.  Unfortunately, complaints to the Medical Quality Assurance, Nursing Quality Assurance, Department  of Health, Pharmacy Quality Assurance are unable to provide any guidance since they do not oversee any of the services at the ICF/ID.  It is up to DSHS and they do not see any problems.

Residential Care Services has opened up another investigation to review these issues and other allegations healthcare abuse and neglect.  My hope is that this time they will be able to see the problems and work on a plan for correction so that the residents do indeed have healthcare that at least meets the minimum community standard of care.  Currently that is not happening.

 

 

 

Thrown Off Balance

The past couple of years have seen a shift in my understanding of the quality of care that is provided for individuals with intellectual disabilities.  What I had been told and what I had believed were not the reality of the situation and it has been a soul-searching experience to confront the issues and to take action.

We started experiencing problems in the year 2011 regarding issues of medical and nursing care that was substandard and downright neglectful.  I started working my way up the “chain of command” within the intermediate care facility which was just an exercise in frustration that I would learn would only get worse as the years progressed.  I didn’t want to make trouble and I didn’t want to have a big investigation done.  I just wanted the appropriate medical/nursing care to be provided for my son and others.

After I exhausted all avenues I knew for healthcare I then approached the Human Rights Committee and outline the Resident’s rights and how they had been violated.  Again,my concerns were discarded.  I approached the advocacy group for the facility and my concerns were not a priority.  Their priority was to keep the facility open and any issues that caused concern for care were ignored for fear it would give the “opposition” more fuel for closure.

While I am very concerned about the loss of access to campus based communities and intermediate care facilities, I do not want to compromise on appropriate healthcare that at least meets the minimum standard of care.  The care my son was receiving fell far below the minimum and I’m assuming that the healthcare of others was also compromised.

Jumping forward 5 years, the problems became more profound and pervasive.  It was at this point that the facility actually “self-reported” to the State Investigative Unit since I had claimed there was neglect on the part of the healthcare team and had become so frustrating trying to work with the “team” – as guardian I was excluded from most meetings and not considered part of the team or someone who needed to be consulted or listened to.   Neglect was the key word which was taken seriously.  Unfortunately, the actions taken were again just another exercise in frustration.

It was at this point that I actually started to ask questions about what state agency actually licensees and oversees the healthcare clinic.  I learned it wasn’t actually a “clinic” but only space that each professional was allowed to use for paperwork.  There was no medical director and there was no healthcare oversight.   This revelation was a huge problem with access to appropriate healthcare for the residents.

In my audit of my son’s charts I have discovered so many medical and nursing errors in addition to errors in policies and protocols that it is shocking.  For instance in the case of 90-day medication reviews there were over 8 medications that were charted as given once or twice a day by the nurse for a period of 1-3 years. They were not given – this was false documentation.   These medications were indicated at one time but at a 90 day medication review they should have been looked at and the questions asked if they were still indicated and if not, they should have been discontinued.  Instead the nurses just kept signing off they were given  – some had never even actually been given at all.  As a nurse I find this totally unimaginable.

This is not only a problem with nursing documentation but also with pharmacy reviews and the “team” 90 day medical review.  These reviews had been signed off as being done and in some cases a medical doctor wrote “med review – no changes” when there had been significant changes in just the couple of weeks prior to the review.  If I had been notified of these reviews or a 90 day medication reconciliation form sent to me, I could have very easily have seen what problems were there.  Being left out of the team and not allowed to perform my legal duty as guardian caused many problems.

At this time, until these issues are objectively reviewed by an independent investigator and the problems actually addressed and not swept under the carpet, I cannot support these types of intermediate care facilities.  The Federal Regulations need to be followed and the appropriate care provided.  I know in the case of my son this was not happening – I hope it’s not the case for everyone.