Washington State is an Employment First state – this means working age adults (ages 21-61 years of age) enrolled in Developmental Disability Services are REQUIRED to first participate in employment services for 9 months before they can switch to community inclusion services.
According to the “JLARC Review and Analysis Report of Employment and Community Inclusion Measurement 2018 the data collected by the State of Washington through the CARE database and the National Core Indicators (NCI) limit the evaluation of the benefits and outcomes for people with IDD to just a descriptive state level information. There is no information that can be used for systemic improvement of services for actual individual outcomes for people with IDD. Below are just a few quotes from this informative report.
We often assume that services for people with IDD are effective but often this is assumption is only supported by anecdotal evidence or no evidence at all.
Under the new Home and Community Based Services (HCBS) settings rule, there has become a heightened need to assure the services people with IDD receive allow them to use personal autonomy, community inclusion and choice.
It has been noted that with fewer people with IDD working in sheltered workshop settings today there has not been a corresponding increase in the percentage of people with IDD working competitively (Butterworth, etlal, 2012)
The Arc of King County reported in a tweet:
According to data from the Developmental Disabilities Administration 2018 Caseload and Cost Report a different story is told:
In FY 2017 there were 8102 people receiving supported employment services
- 45% made at least minimum wage
- 28% made less than minimum wage
- 27% did not earn any wage
This is very concerning regarding current legislation of HB 1706 which will eliminate special certificates. Also, what are those 27% doing if they are not earning a wage? Are they losing skills while they sit and wait 9 months until they can request to be transferred to community inclusion services?